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Transportation Infrastructure

Located on the historical İpekyolu, Gaziantep connects important trade and transportation routes. Gaziantep, the leading Province in especially terms of industry and commerce, is at the center of road, airline and railway transportation networks. According to the data given by General Directorate of Highways in 2014, the total highway network of the province is 728 km, and highway transportation is provided by 384 km of state roads, 145 km of motorways and 199 km of provincial roads. Gaziantep province is located on Mersin-Diyarbakır Motorway line and Gaziantep-Şanlıurfa Motorway Project has been completed today. As part of this project, the 46.3 km long Gaziantep Ring Road Construction was completed at the beginning of 2010 and put into service. Moreover, 62.5 km long Gaziantep Birecik Section Road Construction has also been completed (GDH, 2010)

 

Table 1 Number of Motor Vehicles in Gaziantep

Years

Total # of Vehicles

Years

Total # of Vehicles

2018

506.980

2013

405.168

2017

489.796

2012

378.144

2016

468.151

2011

349.139

2015

451.006

2010

320.032

2014

427.332

2009

298.558

Source: GDH, TurkSTAT

 

According to Gaziantep Police Department records, there are 506,980 motor vehicles in Gaziantep province. These figures indicate that the intensity of road use in the province is high. Considering the high number of privately owned cars one can infer that the ownership of cars in the city is quite high.

 

Gaziantep is developed in terms of railway transportation. The railway network passes through Gaziantep. As of 2014, the existing railway lengths are 254 km in Gaziantep. (RTSR, 2009). Gaziantep railway network has international connections as well as domestic connections. The railway, which has connections with Iraq and Syria, provides important opportunities in terms of transportation. In addition, the station located in Başpınar OIZ provides services to companies in the shipment of goods. Gaziantep railway connects Narlı station of Adana-Malatya railway to Karkamış station via Gaziantep station. Karkamış station is connected to the Aleppo-Baghdad railway by Jarablus station.

 

Table 2. Gaziantep Province Current Railway Status

Line Section

Line Length

(Km)

Total Passengers

Mixed Train

Load

(Ton)

Work Train

Horozluhan-Ulukışla

Ulukışla-Yenice

Yenice-Mersin

Yenice-Adana

Adana-Toprakkale

Toprakkale-İskenderun

Toprakkale-Fevzipaşa

Fevzipaşa-Narlı

Köprüağzı-K.Maraş

Fevzipaşa-Tahtaköprü

Narlı-Gaziantep

Gaziantep-Karkamış

Karkamış-Hudut

Şenyurt-Mardin

Çobanbey-Karkamış

247.8

109

43.2

24

78.3

59.6

63.1

69.4

29.1

39

84.2

91

325.6

25.4

56.3

353.251

246.453

798.897

496.296

130.556

59

105.806

67.220

0

19.013

84

0

0

0

-

0

0

0

0

390

0

315

340

0

639

0

42.389

149.049

528

-

601.486

530.598

107.494

125.424

431.511

263.411

475.960

492.841

10.808

49.503

210.470

114.506

390.702

18.816

-

238

332

0

72

78

0

73

69

0

176

84

0

0

0

-

Source: RTSR

 

Gaziantep airline transportation is provided by Gaziantep Airport. With the increasing share of airline transportation in total transportation in recent years, airline transportation in the region is becoming more and more effective. Gaziantep Airport was put into service in 1976 and since then provides transportation services in domestic, international and freight transportation. The Airport is 19.6 km far from the city center. A total number of 19.573 flights were realized via  Gaziantep Airport in 2019, with a total of 2,544,944 passenger and 24,509 tons of cargo transportation.

 

Gaziantep Airport Statistics,2019

 

2018

2019

All Aircraft Traffic

 

Domestic line

17.686

16.913

International line

2.041

2.660

Total

19.727

19.573

Commercial Aircraft Traffic

Domestic line

14.922

13.594

International line

1.884

2.584

Total

16.906

16.178

Passenger Incoming-Outgoing

Domestic line

2.340.849

2.176.590

International line

296.178

368.354

Total

2.637.027

2.544.944

Transit Passenger

 -

Load (tons)

Domestic line

18.521

18.109

International line

5.629

6.400

Total

24.150

24.509

 Source: General Directorate Of State Airports Authority, 2019

 



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