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Agriculture

Gaziantep is at the crossing point of the Mediterranean and continental climate. The southern regions of the province are under the influence of the Mediterranean climate. In general, summers are hot and dry, winters are cold and rainy. The city receives the most of its precipitation in the winter and spring months. The weather is quite hot especially in June, July, August and September; It is cold in December, January and February. The highest temperature measured is 44 C, the lowest temperature is -17.50 C. Most part of the Gaziantep land is arable. In other words 63%, 22%,14% of Gaziantep land  consists of arable ,  forest and shrubbery,  meadow and pasture lands, respectively.

 

Table 1 shows the total cultivated agricultural areas of Gaziantep province according to TÜİK 2018

 

Table 1: Agricultural Areas (TurkSTAT)

Year

Total cultivated agricultural area (hectares)

Total of area for perennial plants (hectares)

The area covered by olive trees (hectares)

2018

           135.313   

           210.601   

           43.554   

 

 

According to 2018 TurkSTAT data, the presence of livestock and animal production in the same period, in Gaziantep province is shown in Table 2 and Table 3, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2: Livestock(TurkSTAT)

Ox: 1-2 years (head)

Heifer: 2 years old (head)

Buffalo (head)

Cow: 2 years old and above (head)

Bull and ox: 2 years old and above (head)

Goat (head)

Sheep (head)

Poultry (head)

95.231

38.416

217

83.409

9.164

245.473

380.476

4.387.380

 

 

Table 3: Animal Products (2018-TurkSTAT)

Buffalo milk (ton)

Cow milk (ton)

Sheep milk (tons)

Goat milk (tons)

Honey (tons)

112

234.724

13.381

13.355

171

 

Gaziantep’s primary agricultural product foreign trade is presented in Table 4. One can infer from Table 4 that after Gaziantep imports and processes primary agricultural products as raw materials, it exports these products as value-added manufacturing.

 

Table 4: Gaziantep Agricultural Foreign Trade (1000 USD)

Year

Export

İmport  

Agriculture and Forestry Imports

Agriculture and forestry export

 Fishing imports

Fishing Exports

2018

6.872.020

4.881.807

718.396

224.042

-

160

Source: TurkSTAT



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