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Agriculture

Kilis’s surface area is used as 69% agricultural land, 12,6% is  forest land, 7,7 % is grass and pasture , % 10,6 non-agricultural land.

 

Land Type

Kilis

TRC1

Agricultural Land

105.500,00

673.943

Forest Land

19.161,50

289.587

Grass and Pasture Land

11.800,00

104.766

Non-Agricultural Land

16.150,00

424.258,00

Total Surface Area

152.611,50

1.492.554,5

Source: TÜİK 2012, www.tuik.gov.tr


Distribution of Agricultural Lands

Region

Total

Cereals and other  crops area

Vegetable Garden Area

Fruits

Cultivated Area

Fallow

TR Turkey

23.795.481

15.464.452

4.286.136

827.114

3.212.989

TRC1 Region

702.723

389.053

5.841

17.255

290.574

TRC13 Kilis

103.144

51.583

1.129

2.697

47.735

Source: TÜİK 2012, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Cereals and Fruits cultivated areas stand out in the seperation of agricultural areas. 50 % of total 103.144 ha agricultural area is used in cereals cultivation and crops , even as 46,2 % of area is used in fruits production.


Agricultural Exports:

 

Agricultural Exports Datas:  (ABD Doları)

 

Year

Kilis

TRC1

Cereals and Not elsewhere classified   crops 

2012

-

67.452.156

2011

-

63.327.277

Vegetable, Garden and Cultivated Plant

2012

-

2.892.013

2011

212.169

3.073.812

Fruits, Hard-shells , drinks and species plants.

2012

-

63.638.01

2011

10.746

46.226.925

Cultivated  Friuts and Vegetables

2012

51.575

146.482.134

2011

 

108.846.544

Not elsewhere classified  Animal Products

2012

-

5.313.278

2011

 

5.247.441

Total

2012

51.575

285.777.592

2011

222.915

226.721.999

Source: TÜİK 2012, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Kilis’s Agricultural production export’s decreased as a 75 % in 2012. Beside this, in previous years,  vegetables, garden and cultivated plants was exported, while products which has lower economical worth takes place in 2012. 

 

 Olive, Pistachio, grape and chili pepper are major agricultural products in exportation.

 

95 % of 222.195 USD which was the total amount of agricultural production exports in 2011 was consist of vegetable, garden and cultivated plants products.  In 2012, there was a sharp decreases in agricultural products exports. In this year, only cultivated fruits and vegetables were exported with 51.575 USD amount.

 

 Vegetable Production by Groups (tones)

Region

Root- Bulb and Tuberous Vegetable (tones)

Vegetables which consume for its fruits (tones)

Other Vegetables –Not elsewhere classified

Kilis

3.237

22.667

293

TRC1

55.772

266.476

13.909

Turkey

3.040.692

23.004.689

1.707.325

Source TÜİK 2011, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Kilis has a share of  0.1% of total vegetable production in general production in Turkey. With the completion of Southern Anatolian Project Recovering Irrigation Source Program and other irrigation programs , big leaps  in production of vegetables will come into sight.  

 Fruit Production by Groups (tones)

Region

Grape Types

Other Fruits- Drupes and Pome Fruits

Olives and Other Hard Shells

Kilis

152.720

5.254

305.704

TRC1

436.342

78.641

2.332.862

Source: TÜİK 2012 http://www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Olive and Grape have the highest production share in Kilis. Especially, Olives which are produced in Kilis has an important part in olive oil production. % 75 of produced grape in kilis is wine grape and this provides really important source of wine factories from other cities. 25 % of the grapes are used in molasses production sector in region. Moreover, pistachio is one of the other important friut types of Kilis in agricultural production.

 

Pistachio:

Pistachio Production in Kilis (tones)

Year

Kilis

TRC1

Turkey

2010

1.534

64.920

128.000

2011

1.331

47.447

112.000

2012

1.786

65.154

150.000

Source: TÜİK 2012, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

KİLİS (2012)

Districts

Production (tones)

Center

591

Elbeyli

431

Musabeyli

655

Polateli

109

 

 

 

 

 

Approximately 3 % of the total produced pistachio in TRC1 produced in Kilis. Pistachiu is produced in all of Kilis’s towns and city center. Musabeyli is the biggest pistachio producer in Kilis with  36,3 %.  

 

Grape Types and Cultivation in Kilis (2012)

Provincial

Grape Types

Cultivation Area (ha)

Production Amount (ton)

Kilis

Grape (Edible-Grainy)

741

2.813

 

Grape (Edible-Coreless)

120

444

 

Grape (Dried-Grainy

2.883

12.886

 

Grape (Dried-Coreless)

4

43

 

Grape(Wine)

11.525

35.648

Kilis Total

15.273

51.834

TRC1 Region

43.635

203.352

TURKEY

462.296

4.185.126

 
Grape Production in Kilis’s Districts(2012)

25.5 % of total produced grape in TRC1 and , %1,3 of total produced grape in Turkey are produced from Kilis.  Musabeyli is biggest grape producer in Kilis’s Districts with 48% . Kilis center town is following Musabeyli with 42.1 % in grape production.  Beside this , Kilis is drawing the attention about wine grapes types.  70% of the total wine-grape type amount in TRC1 are produced  on Kilis’s land


KİLİS

Distircts

Production

Merkez

21.784

Elbeyli

1.553

Musabeyli

24.884

Polateli

3.633

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

Olive:

24,7 of total amount of olive production in TRC1 and 1.1 % of total amout of olive production in Turkey  are produced by Kilis in 2012. Produced olives in Kilis is used in olive-oil industry. Thanks to this situation, there is a lot of olive-oil producer in Kilis.  Opening the agricultural lands for industry and construction effect to produce olive negatively.

 

Olive Production in Kilis                                                                                                                         Olive Production in Kilis’s Districts

Year

Production ( Ton)

 

Kilis

TRC1

TÜRKİYE

2008

1.067

39.363

1.464.248

2009

18.213

50.836

1.290.654

2010

15.156

47.172

1.415.000

2011

16.931

52.011

1.750.000

2012

19.078

77.146

1.820.000

KİLİS

Towns

Üretim

Merkez

11044

Elbeyli

1300

Musabeyli

5416

Polateli

1318

 

                           
Source: TÜİK 2012                                                                                                    Source: TÜİK 2012

            

 

Analyzing olive production in Kilis Province Central District and Musabeyli District come to the forefront. 58% of olive production  in Kilis is produced in Central District and  also 28,3 % of production produced in Musabeyli District in 2012.

 

 Organic Agricultural Area (2011)

Kilis has 1.567 ha organic agricultural area with 19 % of total organic agricultural area in TRC Region . Accoding to Southern Anatolian Project Action Plan , Thanks to agricultural surveys and works  for organic agricultural watershed , there will be high increasing in organic production. Especially, As well as  mine clearance of mined terrain placed on south of Kilis, organic agricultural areas are supposed to expand in the future.  

Name of Region

Area( ha)

Kilis       

1.567

TRC1

8.529

Turkey

614.618

 

 

 

 Source: TÜİK 2011, www. tuik.gov.tr

 

 Organic Agricultural Production 2012 (transitional period is included)

Olive and wheat are the most produced organic products in Kilis. Within the improvement of olive cultivation , Organic Olive Producers Association is established.

 

Product

Amount (tones)

Pistachio

9,38

Almond

2,50

Wheat

487,45

Lentil

91,14

Chick-pea

53,57

Grape

43,43

Barley

23,31

Pomegranate

18,00

Olive

2.614,61

Pepper

93,75

Total

3.437

 

 







Source:  http://organik.tarim.gov.tr/

 

 

LIVESTOCK

 

Number of Sheep and Goat (small cattle) (2011)

Region

Sheep(Native)

Goat (Kıl)

Sheep(Merinos)

Kilis

71.550

69.970

 

TRC1

413.418

329.093

235

Turkey

7.126.862

23.811.036

1.220.529

Source: TÜİK 2011, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Number of Bovine Animals  (2011)

Region

Mandate

Beef Cattle (Cultivated)

Beef Cattle (Crossbreed)

Beef Cattle (Native)

Kilis

1.136

3.878

5.547

-

TRC1

1.265

73.112

76.415

20.816

Turkey

97.632

4.836.547

5.120.621

2.429.169

Source:  TÜİK 2012, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Number of Poultry Animals (2011)

Region

Number of Animal

Kilis

256.330

TRC1

1.894.669

Turkey

241.498.538

Source:  TÜİK 2011, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Milk Production By Type of Animals -2011 (tones)

Region

Cow Milk

Mandate Milk

Sheep Milk

Goat Milk

Kilis

14.934

580

2.362

3.444

TRC1

206.990

641

14.312

15.979

Turkey

13.802.428

40.372

892.822

320.588

-          Source:TÜİK 2011, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Meat Production By Type of Animals -2009 (tones)

 

Bovine

Small Cattle

Region

Number of  Cutting Animal

Meat (tones)

Head

Number of  Cutting Animal

Meat (tones)

Head

Kilis

74

17,168

74

10.129

224,527

10.661,9

TRC1

18.859

4.267,9

20.595,1

339.960

6.850,762

371.156,3

-          Kaynak: TUİK 2009, www.tuik.gov.tr

 

Honey Production and Number of Hives

Region

Number of Village

Number of Colony

Honey Production (tones)

Yield of Honey (kg/colony)

Kilis

35

2.245

13,75

6,12

TRC1

391

69.697

637,573

8,29

Turkey

21.131

6.011.332

94.245

15,58

-          Source: Ministiry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock http://www.aricilik.gov.tr/